Amidst communal turmoil following the partition of India, he worked for religious harmony. I am proud of being an Indian. The Indian Christian is equally entitled to say with pride that he is an Indian and is following a religion of India, namely Christianity. Institute of Asian Studies. Maulana Abul Kalam Azad then started another weekly called Al-Balagh with the same mission of propagating Indian nationalism and revolutionary ideas based on Hindu-Muslim unity. Retrieved 6 July
Outside news and communication had been largely prohibited and completely censored. He nominated Nehru, who replaced him as Congress president and led the Congress into the interim government. Those who remember the days of the Muslim League agitation are aware how Maulana Sahib stood four squares against communalism. But he was more than a mere summation of the best in the past—its courtesy, its tolerance, its mellowness, its feel for spiritual values, its sensitiveness to humanism. Islam , major world religion promulgated by the Prophet Muhammad in Arabia in the 7th century ce. As Chairman of the Central Advisory Board of Education, he gave thrust to adult literacy, universal primary education, free and compulsory for all children up to the age of 14, girl s education, and diversification of secondary education and vocational training. Maulana Abul Kalam Azad became the president of Congress in Ramgarh and remained in the post till
Maulana Abul Kalam Azad Short Biography Essay On Short Words Of Life
Azad’s Al-Hilal kalsm consequently banned in under the Press Act. Maulana Azad, committed to a united India telugk his last attempt, was condemned by the advocates of Pakistan, especially the Muslim League. All political prisoners were released in and Azad led the Congress in the elections for the new Constituent Assembly of Indiawhich would draft India’s constitution. In his childhood, Azad had a traditional Islamic education, along with training in subjects like mathematics, philosophy, world history and science by tutors at his home.
Maulana Abul Kalam Azad : Biography, History, Facts and Achievements
His work for education and social uplift in India made him an important influence in guiding India’s economic and social development. Azad was born on 11 November in Mecca, then a part of the Ottoman Empire. Patel opposed Azad and Nehru’s proposal to reserve the houses vacated by Muslims who had departed for Pakistan for Muslims in India displaced by the violence.
Archived from the original PHP on 4 December Start your free trial today for unlimited access to Britannica. Azad developed political views considered radical for most Muslims of the time and became a full-fledged Indian nationalist. As one of the leaders of the Indian freedom movement and after the attainment of freedom, as one of the architects of new India, Maulana Sahib brought to bear upon his task qualities of leadership which will leave their impress for a long time to come.
Please note that our editors may make some formatting changes or correct spelling or grammatical errors, and may also contact you if any clarifications are needed. This page was last edited on 16 Mayat He tirelessly advocated for a single India that would embrace both Hindus and Muslims while strongly opposing the partition of British India into independent India and Pakistan.
Abul Kalam Azad | Indian theologian |
He was the first pope…. Retrieved 3 November The leaders would generally avoid talking of politics, unwilling to cause any arguments that could exacerbate the pain of their imprisonment. Sensing that English was fast becoming the international language, Abul Kalam taught himself to tekugu, write and speak the language. Islammajor world religion promulgated by the Prophet Muhammad in Arabia in the 7th century ce.
He came back to Calcutta with his family in Azad served as president of the Unity Conference in Delhi, using his position to work to re-unite the Swarajists and the Khilafat leaders under the common banner of the Congress. Atlantic Publishers and Distributors. The paper quickly became highly influential in the Muslim community for its anti-British stance, notably for its criticism of Indian Muslims who were loyal to the British.
Azad was trained and educated to become a clergyman, He wrote many works, reinterpreting the holy Quran.
The aim of the movement was to re-instate the Khalifa as the head of British captured Turkey. Azad became an inspiring personality in the field of politics.
He is celebrated as one of the founders and greatest patrons of the Jamia Millia Islamia.
Maulana Abul Kalam Azad Biography
Speaking vehemently against Jinnah’s Two-Nation Theory —the notion that Hindus and Muslims were distinct nations—Azad lambasted religious separatism and exhorted all Muslims to preserve a united India, as all Hindus and Muslims were Indians who shared deep maulaja of brotherhood and nationhood. We must not for a moment forget, it is a birthright of every individual to receive at least the basic education without which he cannot fully discharge his duties as a citizen.
It was as a leader of the Khilafat movement that he became close to Mahatma Gandhi. While Gandhi and others expressed scepticism of this clause, Azad argued that Jinnah’s demand for Pakistan would be buried and the concerns of the Muslim community would be assuaged. Azad also managed to win Jinnah’s agreement to the proposal citing the greater good of all Indian Muslims.
The proposal advocated a federal system with a limited central government and autonomy for the provinces. Retrieved 21 April Inat an age of 35, he became the youngest person to serve as the President of the Indian National Congress.
He always supported the cause of Hindu-Muslim unity and opposed the demand for a separate Muslim state of Pakistan.