As Dete recounts to her friend Barbel: Origins and Ends of an Unenlightened Disease, Chicago The Temporalities of Habsburg Nostalgia. Before long, other doctors were looking to nostalgia as an explanation for a variety of diseases of unknown origin, as well as the reason behind all manner of spontaneous recoveries. Other military medical men in Europe and North America noted that cases of nostalgia appeared to be more prevalent — even reaching epidemic numbers — when battles were being won rather than lost. Swiss medical student Johannes Hofer was the first to prove that yes, you can go home again For the most part, Union and Confederate armies were comprised of young volunteers who were away from their homes and families for the first time.

It is as if she is formed as a character only once she arrives in her eventual Heimat. The Temporalities of Habsburg Nostalgia. The term nostalgia was first proposed in by Johannes Hofer You might also like A trip down memory lane could do you more good than you might think. Although the diagnosis was regarded as medically valid at the time, it did carry with it the stigma and shame of mental instability, and most soldiers were not excited to receive the diagnosis, much as their homelands and sweethearts beckoned from beyond the battlefield. Often partially recalled, nostalgic memories usually invoke pleasant associations and simultaneous regret at the passing of time.

Dying to go home

Hofer introduced nostalgia or mal o pays “homesickness” for the condition also As she arrives on the alp, her first act is to peel away the many layers of clothing she is wearing: Every morning, the servants are astonished to find the front door wide open without any plausible explanation. Nostalgia describes a longing for the past, From Christmas-tree fires and alcohol poisoning to emergency C-sections and psychotic breaks, doctors know better than anyone the dark flipside of yuletide glee.


medical dissertation on nostalgia hofer

David Anderson does not work for, consult, own shares in or receive funding from any company or organization that would benefit from this article, and has disclosed no relevant affiliations beyond kn academic appointment.

In 17th-century Switzerland it was certainly possible. Other military medical men in Europe and North America noted that cases of nostalgia appeared to be more prevalent — even reaching epidemic numbers — when battles were being won rather than lost.

The soldiers who died of homesickness

Civil War fighting men attached much importance to home and its associations; a domestic ideal was at the very heart of family life and society. Some Civil War soldiers were thought to have died of nostalgia.

Although there were still cases of nostalgia being reported during the American Civil War, by the middle of the century it dissertatioj no longer a medical diagnosis, but rather an emotional one, much as it is today. As Dete recounts to her friend Barbel: Doctors asked the recently married recruit about his strange behaviour.

The term nostalgia was first proposed in by Johannes Hofer as equivalent to the German With the outbreak of the war inmany American males were forced to confront extraordinary social and political upheaval as the security and certainty of home life dissolved.

The most effective remedy for homesick patients was to be sent home to the Alps. Expressed in somatic terms, however, her melancholy becomes socially acceptable; Heidi cannot be held accountable for a medical ailment which, unlike self- pity, mrdical beyond her immediate control.

medical dissertation on nostalgia hofer

Between her relocation to Frankfurt and eventual return home to the alp, her repeated acts of acquiring and shedding clothes become an index of her feelings of belonging or alienation. Nostalgia became an established pathology, a mental disorder that continued to afflict soldiers separated from home or peoples displaced by the onset of modernity.

Dissertatikn is a cataloging and social networking site for booklovers. Thus, in spite of being equated by Hofer, there is a marked tension between our contemporary understanding of nostalgia — a longing expressed in temporal terms for a bygone era or phase of life — and homesickness — a longing which takes on a geographic or spatial character.


medical dissertation on nostalgia hofer

These youthful conscripts became anxious, lost sleep and appetite, and suffered from heart palpitations. The death of Frederic D.

johannes hofer medical dissertation on nostalgia

He made a complete recovery when he arrived home. So, for the next years, soldiers both Swiss and otherwise who succumbed to nostalgia, were sent home. Germ theory gradually replaced the musty vapours, ethereal humours and dark spirits that had been believed for so long to be the cause of disease. As soon as she returns to the alp, Heidi insists on jettisoning the fancy clothes and feather hat she had worn in Frankfurt: A Genealogy of the ‘Critique of Nostalgia’.

The previous disease having been badly handled, or Understandably, as the belief in homesickness as an organic disease fell by the wayside, the enlightened thinkers of the Romantic Movement picked it up again. Available editions United States. Hofer, Johannes, “Medical Dissertation nostalgoa Nostalgia. Unfortunately, no statistics are available for Confederate soldiers stricken with homesickness. Yet, for Heidi, they are, in some sense, one and the same.

Doctor’s Review | Dying to go home

A miraculous return to health ensued within a week, as his appetite and demeanour returned to normal. Iowa Journal of Cultural Studies – ir. American medical handbooks from the midth century offered broad and wide-ranging definitions of nostalgia, combining both psychological and physiological effects of the malady.